In a joint piece for The Atlantic magazine, Biddle, an adjunct senior fellow for defense policy at the Council on Foreign Relations, and Shapiro, professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton, lay out why the war against the jihadist group isn’t likely to end in the neat and clean way that American officials might have hoped it would.
The reason for this, they suggest, stems from the nature of the war: “Civil wars of the kind in which the US conflict with the Islamic State is embedded are notoriously hard to terminate and typically drag on for years. Datasets vary slightly, but most put the median duration of such conflicts at seven to 10 years; and an important minority drag on for a generation or more.”
“When they do end, it’s rarely because an empowered, victorious army marches into the enemy capital, pulls down the flag, and governs a newly stable society.”
Like neighboring Syria, Iraq, the authors suggest, is likely to remain embroiled in civil conflict because, as is typical in civil wars, there are outside interests which prefer instability and chaos to a decisive victory for their opponent.
“Civil wars like today’s conflict in Syria and Iraq are often complex, multi-sided proxy conflicts in which a variety of local combatants have ties to outside backers who fund, equip, train, and advise allies’ forces. This outside support enables fighters to weather setbacks and hang on in the face of military adversity. Outside backers usually have geopolitical reasons of their own to support local proxies.”
A new form of self-autonomous weaponry will now be able to identify targets and have the capability to shoot without any human intervention.
This technology is known as “killer robots,” which appear in many forms, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) or unmanned underwater vehicles (UUV).
These robots will need no human control and they can fire at targets at will.
In an exclusive interview with Sputnik, Bonnie Docherty from Human Rights Watch (HRW) said the development of this technology is closer then we think.
As a result the HRW is working in Geneva to ban these robots to stop any negative impact they could have on humanity.
Docherty and her colleagues are working on the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) and believes that if they make an addition to the existing treaty then killer robots could potentially be banned, which HRW believes this is feasible and necessary.
he Justice Department had previously withheld thousands of pages of documents from the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee about the scandal. Consequently the House held then-Attorney General Eric Holder in contempt in 2012. In 2016, President Barack Obama invoked executive privilege to shield the documents.
On January 16, US District Judge Amy Berman Jackson, for the District of Columbia, ruled the Obama administration cannot use executive privilege to prevent Congress from accessing information on Operation Fast and Furious.
Tags: operation fast and furious, US Federal Court, US Department of Justice, El Chapo, Barack Obama, United States
The data was obtained by Reverend Billy and members of the Coalition Against Poison Parks (CAPP) from the New York City Parks Department.
According to the World Health Organization, glyphosate is a “probable carcinogen” linked to non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and other cancers, birth defects, and celiac disease, allergies, asthma, chronic fatigue syndrome.
At a meeting Tuesday, Mitchell J. Silver, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation was presented with the map by members of CAPP.
The agency’s plan circumvented the US Congress and was revealed in a New York Times report last month. In response, a number of US lawmakers wrote a letter to the NSA director to express their concerns.
Speaking to Loud & Clear host Brian Becker, Bryan Ford, a professor at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, stresses that the legislative branch should not be left in the dark about any government policies.
“We shouldn’t be finding out about what’s happening with the NSA form the New York Times,” Declan McCullagh, a technology journalist, adds. “It’s the Authority Oversight Committee. They should be finding it from the NSA itself. There is a failure of Democratic enforcement here.”
Appearing on Fox & Friends, Cruz was asked whether he would engage in torture, enhanced interrogation, or waterboarding — methods which Republican frontrunner Donald Trump has emphatically championed, despite the practice being illegal and ineffective.
In 2014, following the release of the Senate Select Committee for Intelligence’s torture report, Cruz spoke at the Heritage Foundation denouncing the practice, declaring that “America does not need torture to protect ourselves.”
Airports across Europe stepped up security after attacks in Belgium, which took the lives of at least 13 people, according to local media.
Key air transport hubs in Paris, London and Frankfurt stepped up security measures after terror attacks in Belgium’s Brussels, which targeted the city’s airport and subway system.
Blasts at the Brussels airport led to its closure and flights were rerouted to other Belgian cities, which also stepped up security after the attacks.
Despite changes in airport security at London’s Heathrow and Gatwick airports, the United Kingdom’s Home Office told Sputnik that across-the-board security measures have yet to be introduced. France boosted transport security, while President Francois Hollande is holding an emergency meeting to discuss further measures.